Pitru Paksha Amavasya- Why to do shraddh Karma for our ancestors?

What it the significance of the Mahalaya Amavasya- Pithru Paksha Tharpanam Karya?

Mahalaya Paksha starts –28th Sept 2015– Pitru paksha or Shraddh paksha| Mahalaya Amavasya – 12th october 2015

Pinda Daan

Pinda Daan

Have you ever felt that for no apparent reason, you are constantly suffering . You are a pious, God-fearing person, you do not indulge in back-biting or wrong doing consciously, yet  you or or your family members are always undergoing one or the other type of problems. Astrology has a perfect explanation to this problem. It is due to the fact that the soul of our ancestors & departed forefathers does not get peace (Shanti). If knowingly or unknowingly our ancestors have done some mistakes, they are reflected in our Horoscope as Pitra Dosh or Pitra Rina and being their off springs we are destined to suffer from their bad effects. Because of the malefic effect of the inflicted planets, benefic planets also stop giving favorable results.

Mahalaya Paksha or Pitru Paksha begins September 28th 2014 to 12th October 2015

September 28th 2015 – Mahalaya Pitru Paksha begins- Ekadashi Shraddh
September 29th 2015 – Dwitiya Shradh
September 30th 2015Tritiya Shradh
October 01st 2015 – Chaturthi Shradh
October 2nd 2015 – Panchami Shradh. Panchami Shradh is special as Tarpan takes place for the people who died unmarried. Tarpan or pind daan performed on this day is equivalent to the Gaya Shraddha.
October 3rd 2015 – Shasti Shradh
Ocotber4th 2015 – Saptami Shradh
Ocotober 5th 2015 – Ashtami Shradh
Ocotber 6th 2015 – Navami Shradh. On this Tithi men perform the Shraddh for the wives. Pind Daan or Tarpan takes place for the mother that is why it is also named as Matra Navami
Ocotober 7th 2015 – Dasami Shradh
Ocotber 8th 2015 – Ekadashi Shradh
October 9th 2015 – Dwadashi Shradh. This is performed for people who have taken up Sanyas or renunciation before death. Tarpan takes place for the people who died on Dwadashi Tithi
Ocotober 10th 2015 – Trayodashi Shradh or Kakbali, Balabholani Teras or Teras Shraadh. This Shradh is for the peace of dead children and people who passed away on Trayodashi Tithi. It is also known as Magha Shraddh as it is performed when Magha Nakshatra (constellation) prevails during Aparahana Kaal.
Ocotober 11th 2015 Chaturdashi Shradh. Chaturdashi Shraddha or Chaudas Shraddh On this day of Shraddh, Tarpan is performed for the persons who have died an unnatural death (accident, murder or suicide).
Ocotober 12th 2015:  Sarva Pitru Amavasya or Amavas Shradh or Sarvapitri Moksha Amavasya Shradh This Tithi is performed for all ancestors, irrespective of the way they died. If somebody is not able to perform Shraddha on the requisite Tithi, may perform on Sarvapitri Moksha Amavasya

In the Vedic Astrology, Rahu is considered the main cause of these doshas.

Pitru Dosha is due to any of the following main reason, and there may be others.

  • Bad deeds ( bad karma ) of our ancestors in earlier life, knowingly or unknowingly, are embarrassing their souls,
  • Bad deeds ( bad karma ) of children, knowingly or unknowingly, are embarrassing the soul of ancestors,
  • Lack of fulfillment of parental desires of our ancestors,
  • A sudden and unnatural death of any relative ancestors in early age,
  • If someone fails to remember and honor the ancestors properly,
  • If certain wishes are remained attached with the soul of the ancestors, etc.

Pitru Dosha occurs if any ancestors up to the 7th generation on the fathers side and up to the 4th generation on the mothers side have expired at an early age or have had an unnatural death.

Lord Yama

Lord Yama

Story about Pitru Paksha

The story why the Pitru Paksha is marked by daan and charity has its deep ingrained meaning in a  story of the Mahabharata.

When Karna died in the epic Mahabharata war, his soul moved to heaven, where he was offered gold and jewels as food. Karna had done limitless charity of wealth, but had neglected to do Anna-Dana. Hence he found wealth and luxuries, but with no food to appease him. Lord Yama then told Karna that he had donated gold all his life, but had never donated food to his ancestors in Shraaddh. Hence to make amends, Karna was permitted to return to earth for a fifteen day period, so that he could perform Shraaddh and donate food and water in their memory. This period is now known as Pitru Paksha.  It is believed that in these 15 days the souls of our ancestors are the closest to the earth, moving around us and as we fail to recognize them, they return to their ORB unsatisfied and unhappy that we do nothing for them.

 The fifteen days of Mahalaya Paksha consists of 15 Tithi. They are Pratipat, Dvitiya, Tritiya, Chaturthi, Panchami, Shashti, Ashtami, Navami, Dasami, Ekadasi, Dvadasi, Trayodasi, Chaturdashi, New Moon day (Sarvapitru Amavasya). According to Hindu mythology, every individual’s who wants to perform this Pitru Tharpanam, they should do it on the same day of their ancestor died which will fall within any one of these fifteen days.

What is Pitru dosha and how to identify it in ones horoscope?

Rahu and Ketu – the two chayya grahas are responsible for certain bad yogas in the horoscope of individuals. The Saints and Rishis have woven many facts in the mythology to give a meaning of Solar ( Sun ) and Lunar ( Moon ) Eclipse. Another meaning is that Rahu gives the result at a cost of losing the body. And Ketu gives the result at a cost of losing the head. Means, the person under the effect of Rahu or Ketu has to loose one thing to get another. Additionally, whenever there is any kind of connection between Rahu & Ketu and Sun & Moon, it mostly gives inauspicious results.

Pitru Dosh is one type of Yoga, which is formed by various combinations and placements of planets and houses. As per Astrology system, Sun is the symbol of Father. Furthermore, the 10th house in the horoscope also indicates Father and related aspects. Hence, if any negative combination of Sun or the 10th house, indicates presence of some kind of Pitru Dosh.

At many places, Saturn is also hold equally responsible for different forms of Pitru Dosh. When Sun and Saturn are in the same house, or having Drishti ( affecting each other ), it is also considered as Pitru Dosh.

Saturn also represents our ancestors. If Saturn is afflicting Moon it predicts that Pitru Dosh is from maternal side, while if Saturn is afflicting Sun, then predict that the Pitru Dosh is from paternal side. For this to happen, the 5th lord/house should also be afflicted.

Pitru Moksha (Ancestor Salvation) Spots Worshipped by Lord Sri Rama – Ideal for Pitru Worship

There are Pitru Shakti spots imbued with the spiritual potency of exalted Pitru Deva Beings. And then there are Pitru Mukti spots – places so holy that they are able to grant moksha to even these exalted Pitru Devas!

Seshambadi near Kumbakonam and Poovalur near Trichy as some of the best Pitru Mukti (ancestor salvation) spots in the entire world.

Others are Rameswaram, Nedungudi, Thilatharpanapuri, Innambur, Theerthandapuram and Kekkarai. Considering the whole of the holy land of India, there are more than 1008 Pitru Mukti kshetras including the well known ones such as Varanasi, Prayag, Gaya, Kedarnath and Badrinath.

In all these Pitru Moksha spots, the exalted Pitru Devas themselves accept your tarpana, argya and sraddha offerings at all times, but particularly during the Mahalaya Paksha fortnight.

Thus these pitru mukti temples and sacred spaces are the best places in the world for conducting your pitru worship and pitru karmas.

How to organise Pithru Karma at home- Observe Pitru Moksha rituals at home

Rituals for Pithru Karma- Pinda Daan- entire procedure and Mantras to follow



  1. Respected sir,
    My father elder brother died young.His widow ,whom we called BADImaa stayed with us.as she was child widow she did not have any child.she was very attached to her jewelry .after she died I used her jewellery for charitable purpose ,such as funding the marriage of poor girl,setting up a small computers centre for children in slum,constructing one room for tribal children,wetting up a piyau ,a water fountain in slum.later all my business has come to standstill and I started incurring losses,and have also lost intreats in my work.is this because of use of her jewelry for the above purpose.what is the remedy
    Waiting for your repy

  2. it may be for the same reason , which we dont know as u told she is fond of jewellery it might be the reason , consult the right person for this …

  3. very valuable & vital information

  4. namaskar

    shastr or great saints say listeining to bhagvat katha or organising bhagvat katha eliminates pitru dosha

  5. Pitra Dosha is due to any of the following main reason, and there may be others.
    (1) Bad deeds (bad karma) of our ancestors in earlier life, knowingly or
    unknowingly, are embarrassing their souls,
    (2) Bad deeds (bad karma) of children, knowingly or unknowingly, are embarrassing
    the soul of ancestors,
    (3) Lack of fulfillments of parental desires of our ancestors,
    (4) A sudden and unnatural death of any relative ancestors in early age,
    (5) If someone fails to remember and honor the ancestors properly,
    (6) If certain wishes are remained attached with the soul of the ancestors, etc.
    Pitra Dosha occurs if any ancestors up to the 7th generation on the fathers side and
    up to the 4th generation on the mothers side have expired at an early age or have had
    an unnatural death.
    In Vedic Astrology, offerings for Rahu and Ketu are given to alleviate the Pitra
    Dosha – If the curses of forefathers found in the natal chart in the form of close
    afflictions of Rahu and Ketu/ or aspects on functional benefices/ or continuance of
    malefic planets dasa periods.

  6. Following are the most important signs to identify the existence of Pitru Dosh:
    1. Children are falling sick repeatedly.
    2. The couple has problem in conceiving the child, i.e. problem in getting pregnant.
    3. Repeated miscarriages.
    4. Quarrels among family members without any reasonable reason.
    5. The person’s educational and career growth is obstructed.
    6. Disruption in educational and career 6 growth and success.

  7. Remedies of Pitra Dosha
    1. Every Saturday, make rice balls by mixing cooked rice and ghee. Feed these rice
    balls to crows and fish.
    2. Unconditional services to parents, old-age needy persons, sweeper and poor
    people are recommended. The person should try not to get angry in this life and try
    not to engage in any kind of quarrels in his lifetime.
    3. Worshipping Lord Vishnu, especially the form of Sri Ram, is also advised for
    Pitru Dosh Nivaran.
    4.Perform Kanya Daan ( perform the marriage of a girl ), if possible for a Brahmin
    Kanya(Or any Poor family)
    5.Perform Rudrabhishek ( Rudra Abhishek ) in the name of the KUL or ancestors.
    6. On any somwati amavaasya (when there is amaavasyaa and also monday) go to
    peepal tree,offer one janeu to tree and one to Lord Vishnu.Pray to tree and Lord
    Vishnu.Then do 108 Parikrama of tree,with each Parikrama offer a sweet to
    tree.While doing Parikrama continuously chant the mantra ” OM NAMO
    BHAGAWATE VAASUDEWAAYA”.After doing parikrama again pray to peepal
    tree and Lord Vishnu and seek forgiveness.

  8. m.sownder says:



  9. Sathish Kumar says:

    What would be the traditional procedures (including grass, Sesame seeds, Pavithram etc) involved in performing Pithru Tharpanam? Any information would be very helpful, as different places have different recommendations, and most importantly the mantras are missing.

  10. We r 3 brothers, our father passed away 5 yrs back, after 1st death anniversay we are doing our pithru karya every year in our Kuladevatha keshtra place by engaging one contractor for arranging all the necessary things like arranging purohits & cooks, pl advise that it is Ok or we have to perfom the karya in our house, which is better for us to continue the karya in this modern days.

    • Astrologer says:

      Dear mr Laxman
      In these modern times, everyone has devised a simple way of getting rituals done by proxy. Though I understand how difficult it is to manage time and resources, yet the Pitri karma cannot and should not be done by proxy. It is the eldest sons Karma to see that the father has “safe passage” in his afterlife. One or two days of the year, spare time, go to your Kuladevata ksetra and do the ritual in full attendance. If you are unable to due to financial or health reasons, offer pind daan to crows and cows without fail.

  11. Can a pregnant lady and husband of that pregnant lady attend or perform rituals of sarva pitru amavasya on 12th october 2015 as part of amavas shraadh on that day?
    Actually parents in law will be part of that ritual on that day for their fore fathers’s shraadh. Now my question is that should a pregnant lady stay away from the shraadh rituals n ceremony n her husband should also stay away from those rituals or they can attend n perform rituals on amavas shraadh?

  12. Laxman Rao says:

    Sir, Namakskar, my father has expired 5 yrs back in panchami theeti, In this pitra paksha, We have made tila tarpan on the day of panchami & gave swayampak to purohit is it ok or In mahalya amavasya day again we have to gave swayampak to pandits. Please advise & suggest in this matter. Laxman,

  13. I want to know something – I moved to a new house two days before the start of pithar paksha in 2014. They say not to plan any new beginnings and to either postpone it or do it in advance. I didn’t know this as I was told not to move DURING pithar paksha and to move either before the start of it or after so we moved on Sunday 7th September 2014 and pithar paksha started on Tuesday 9th September 2014. Did I move at a wrong time as I have had endless problems from the beginning of January 2015 and I am very unhappy in this new house while my husband and son are happy. I got ill in January 2015 and was in and out of hospital. I am homesick for my old house and wish we never moved. What must I do, any advice PLEASE !!

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