Navratri Maa Durga- the 9 forms of Godess Durga for worship

Navratri Maa Durga- the 9 forms of Godess Durga for worship- 

Sharadiya Navratri – 21st September 2017 – 30th September 2017
Durga Puja

Durga Puja during Navratri

Worship Divine Mother in all her 9 forms and gets the boons. As everybody knows that Mother has no limit for boons and when her childs asks she will shower with all the boons which we never imagined. Remember these lines from Durga Sapthshati-

Ya devi sarva bhutesu, shanti rupena sanstitha

Ya devi sarva bhutesu, shakti rupena sansthita

Ya devi sarva bhutesu, matra rupena sansthita

Namastasyai, namastasyai, namastasyai, namo namaha!

This is one among the sacred Durga mantras to chant during Navratri. This mantra means that: The goddess who is omnipresent as the personification of universal mother, the goddess who is omnipresent as the embodiment of power, the goddess who is omnipresent as the symbol of peace, I bow to her, I bow to her, I bow to her again & again.

How To Celebrate Navratri

Each day of Navratri has some rituals, which are followed by all the devotees of Goddess Durga. Read the below described points to know the significance of each day.

  • 1st – 3rd day : On the 1st day, a bed of mud is prepared and barley seeds are grown on it. This is known as ‘Ghatasthapana’. These three days are dedicated to Maa Durga.
  • 4th – 6th day of Navratri : These days are dedicated to the Devi of prosperity, Maa Lakshmi.
  • 7th – 8th day of Navratri : Goddess Saraswati is worshipped during these days. Devotees worship the Goddess to gain wisdom and knowledge. Yagna (holy fire) is performed on the 8th day of Navratri. Eighth day of Navratri is popularly known as ‘Ashtami’. On this day, nine young girls are worshiped. This ritual of honoring and serving these girls with sacred food is termed as ‘Kanjak’. These girls represent the Goddess Durga.
  • Maha Navami : Navratri ends with the observance of Maha Navami. Some people conduct Kanya Pujan or Kanjak on this day.

Read more durga mantras for the nine days of Navarathri will organise for a sankalpa ceremony and light an Akhanda diya in your name and maintain it for 9 days with a final culmination ceremony on the 9th day. You can pay here for the akhanda diya and your sankalpa/your hearts wish. 

On the 9th day- Maanavami- the Durga Saptasati consists of 13 Chapters and 700 Shlokas or Mantras will be recited by our vedic scholars. Reading of these Shlokas is known as Durga Saptshati Path. On the 9th day, Homa or Yagna is performed. This ritual is believed to be very sacrosanct and it is said that the one who performs it will be blessed with desired boons. Read more here

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Navaratri 2016 is a festival of nine shakti. Navaratri meaning is nine night is Sanskrit. Navaratri = nava + ratri = nine + night. Into these nine days lots of Hindus pray to shakti/devi . Bengali’s do the Durga Puja in these 9 days. All nine days referred to a particular Durga Devi avatars.

First day is of Shailaputri Mata.

Durga 1st day- Shailaputri

Durga 1st day- Shailaputri

Shailaputri literally means the daughter (putri) of the mountains (shaila). Variously known as Sati Bhavani, Parvati or Hemavati, the daughter of Hemavana – the king of the Himalayas, she is the first among Navadurgas. Her worship takes place on the first day of Navaratri – the nine divine nights. The embodiment of the power of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, she rides a bull and carries a trident and a lotus in her two hands. Read Mantra here

 Second day is of Brahmacharini Mata.
Durga 2nd Day - Bramhacharini

Durga 2nd Day – Bramhacharini

Mata Brahmacharini is worshipped on second day of Navarathri.  Brahmacharini is the goddess who performed ‘Tapa’ (penance) (Brahma – Tapa , Charini – Performer ). Mata personifies love and loyalty. She holds  japa mala in her right hand and Kamandal in left hand. She is also called as ‘Uma’ and ‘Tapacharini’ and provides knowledge and wisdom to her devotees. Read Mantra here
Durga Day 3- Chandraghanta

Durga Day 3- Chandraghanta

Third day is of Chandraghanta Mata

The third facet of Goddess Durga is ‘Chandraghanta’, who is worshipped on the third day of Navaratri, for peace, tranquility and prosperity in life. She has a ‘chandra’ or half moon in her forehead in the shape of a ‘ghanta’ or bell. That is why she is called ‘Chandraghanta’. She is charming, has a golden bright complexion and rides a lion. She has ten hands, three eyes and holds weapons in her hands. She is the apostle of bravery and possesses great strength to fight in the battle against demons. Read Mantra here
Durga day 4-Khushmanda

Durga day 4-Khushmanda

Fourth day is of Kushmanda Mata

Mata Kushmanda is worshipped on the fourth day of Navrathri. . She shines brightly with a laughing face in all ten directions as the Sun. She controls whole Solar system. In her eight hands, she holds several types of weapons in six hands and a rosary and a lotus in remaining hands. She rides on Lion. She likes offerings of ‘Kumhde’, hence her name ‘Kushmanda’ has become popular. Read Mantra here
Durga day 5-Skandamata

Durga day 5-Skandamata

Fifth day is of Skanda Mata

The fifth aspect of the Mother Durga is known as ‘Skanda Mata’ – the mother of Skanda or Lord Kartikeya, who was chosen by gods as their commander in chief in the war against the demons. She is worshipped on the fifth day of Navaratri. She is accompanied by the Lord Skanda in his infant form. Skanda Mata has four arms and three eyes, holds the infant Skanda in her right upper arm and a lotus in her right hand which is slightly raised upwards. The left arm is in pose to grant boons with grace and in left lower hand which is raised also holds a lotus. She has a bright complexion and often depicted as seated on a lotus. Read Mantra here
Durga day 7- Katyayani

Durga day 7- Katyayani

Sixth day is of Mata Katyayani

Mata Katyayani is worshippedon the the Sixth Day of Navratri. Rishi Katyayan observed a penance to get Jaganmata as his daughter. She blessed him and took birth as his daughter on the bank of river Jamuna for getting Lord Krishna as a husband. She is considered as prime deity of Vraj mandal. Ma Katyayani has three eyes and four hands. . One left hand holds a weapon and the other a lotus She rides on Lion. Read Mantra here
Durga day 7- kalaratri

Durga day 7- kalaratri

Seventh day is of Kaalratri

This is the seventh form of Mother Durga and is worshipped on the seventh day of Navaratri. She has a dark complexion, disheveled hair and a fearlessness posture. A necklace flashing lightning adorns her neck. She has three eyes that shine bright and terrible flames emanate from her breath. Her vehicle is the donkey. Her raised right hand always seems to grant boons to all worshippers and all her right lower hand is in the pose of allaying fears. Her left upper hand holds a thorn-like weapon, made of iron and there is a dragger in the lower left hand. She is black like Goddess Kali and holds a sparkling sword in her right hand battle all evil. Her gesture of protection assures us of freedom from fear and troubles. So she is also known as ‘Shubhamkari’ – one who does good. Read Mantra here

Eight day is of Maha Gauri Mata

Durga day 8- Maha Gouri

Durga day 8- Maha Gouri

She is worshipped on the eighth day of Navaratri. Her power is unfailing and instantly fruitful. As a result of her worship, all sins of past, present and future get washed away and devotees get purified in all aspects of life. Maha Gauri is intelligent, peaceful and calm. Due to her long austerities in the deep forests of the Himalayas, she developed a dark complexion. When Lord Shiva cleaned her with the water of the Ganges, her body regained its beauty and she came to be known as Maha Gauri, which mean extremely white. She wears white clothes, has four arms, and rides on a bull. Her right hand is in the pose of allaying fear and her right lower hand holds a trident. The left upper hand holds a ‘damaru’ (a small rattle drum) and the lower one is in the pose of granting boons to her devotees. Read Mantra here
Durga day 9- Sidharatri

Durga day 9- Sidharatri

Ninth day is of Siddhidatri Mata

Siddhidatri is the ninth form of Goddess. She is worshipped on the ninth day of Navaratri. Siddhidatri has supernatural healing powers. She has four arms and she is always in a blissful happy enchanting pose. She rides on the lion as her vehicle. She blesses all Gods, saints, yogis, tantrics and all devotees as a manifestation of the Mother Goddess. In ‘Devi Bhagvata Purana’ it is mentioned that Lord Shiva worshipped her and was blessed with all Siddhis (supernatural powers). By her blessings his half body became female and other half body male in the avatar of Ardhnarishvara. Read Mantra here



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